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The blockchain ecosystem helps farmers receive fair prices and provides consumers with trustable and transparent data on product origins

HAITIAN FARMERS USE BLOCKCHAIN TO SECURE BETTER PRICES
UK-based startup Agriledger has created a blockchain system to help Haitian farmers sell their products at fair prices. The system fosters trust on both sides of the transaction, leading to better income for farmers and better goods for consumers.
The startup’s system offers farmers a number of services, and access to global markets and banks. Using blockchain technology, it provides registered farmers with a unique digital identification number, which makes the farmers key players in the supply chain, and gives them access to financial services, logistics, insurance and other services.  
The farmers can also tokenize their assets, making peer-to-peer trading easier and giving them further access to the commodities market. This digital system provides the farmers with several benefits; the data is inherently trustworthy, so the entire supply chain is more transparent and traceable, and it also simplifies record keeping, so it is easi…

computer tech security and public policy

Digital computer security and connected IoT smart  everything have become public policy priorities in an increasingly digital and data-dependent always on and connected economy and society.

task oriented programming languages

Categorizing the thousands of programming languages that exist is no easy task, but software trends over the years have revealed two sovereign frameworks: imperative (object-oriented) and declarative (functional) languages.
Imperative: The programmer defines how to perform algorithms and how memory is accessed. Examples include C++, JavaScript, and Python.
Declarative: The programmer defines the composition of functions, and lets the run-time optimize algorithms. Examples include Haskell, Erlang, and OCaml.
A classic way to describe the distinction between declarative and imperative programming is that declarative languages let the programmer describe what to do, whereas imperative languages let the programmer define how to do it.
If we extend this idea to a third type of language that lets the programmer define why choices are made, then we have discovered task-oriented programming languages.
Task-oriented: The programmer defines desired states, and lets the runtime resolve the compositio…

Microsoft & ethereum

Microsft announced a collaboration with the Enjin gaming system which saw a 50% rise in ENJ, ETH completed its latest hard fork.ETHEthereum’s Istanbul hard fork went live at the end of the week. The fork is the third this year and is the latest upgrade as the network moves towards Serenity (ETH 2.0), Ethereum’s transition from its current proof of work consensus mechanism towards proof of stake consensus. The fork occurred as previously expected at block number 9069000. 
https://www.bitrates.com/news/p/microsoft-boosts-enj-by-50-eth-completes-hard-fork-dec-9

edge or fog computing coming on strong in 2020

What is this edge or fog computing trend ? 
Both edge and fog computing provide similar functionalities where smart devices or items or sensors push data and analytics to cloud platforms.
Fog computing and edge computing are effectively the same thing." 
 Both are concerned with leveraging the computing capabilities within a smaller simpler server / gateway or sensor hardware device and process and share data via a localized network to carry out computation tasks that would ordinarily have been carried out in the cloud. More advanced AI and data processing still are done on the cloud.   
Both technologies can help organizations reduce their reliance on cloud-based platforms to analyze data, provide intelligent automation and analysis.
The main difference between edge computing and fog computing comes down to where the processing of that data takes place.
Edge computing usually occurs directly on the devices to which the sensors are attached or a gateway device that is physically “clos…